General knowledge

Friday, 18 May 2018

WHAT IS THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION || Civilisation

The Indus Valley Civilisation 

The Indus Valley Civilisation
(The Indus Valley Civilisation) 

The Indus Valley Civilisation dates, 


  • The Indus Valley Civilisation dates, back to nearly 4500 BP (before present) and is the earliest known urban culture in the Indian subcontinent.
  •  Among the many sites of this civilisation discovered so far, the Harappan site was the first to be discovered in 1921 and hence the civilisation is also referred to as the Harappan Civilisation or Harappan Culture.
  • In 1922, another great city of this lost civilisation, called Mohenjo-daro was discovered. 
  • A number of other sites such as Chanhudaro, Lothal, Kalibangan, Dholavira, etc, have subsequently been discovered.
  • These indicate that the civilisation had spread to vast areas now located in present day Pakistan, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, and Jammu region in India and even in many parts of Afghanistan 

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  •  Indus Valley Civilization. The shaded area does not include recent excavations such as Rupar, Balakot, Shortughai in Afghanistan, Manda in Jammu, etc.


FEATURES OF THE HARAPPAN CULTURE :-

  • The harappan culture is known for some of its very distinct features .these include the development of urban centers,planning of towns ,streets, sewage system, the great baths and granaries.
  • The discovery of numerous artifacts ,seals and statues, standard weights and measures which are unique to this culture, also throw light on the art culture ,science and technology ,government,agriculture,religion,script and other aspects of social life.

IMPORTANT QUESTION 

1. Indus Valley Civilization was discovered in:
  •    1921

2. The people of Indus Valley Civilization were
almost :
  • Mediterranean 

3. Which metal was unknown to Indus Valley
Civilization?
  •  Iron

4. The nature of Indus Valley Civilization was:
  •  Urban

5. Indus Valley Civilization belongs to:
  • Porto-historical 

6. A statue of bearded man was found at
  •  Mohenjodaro

7. In Indus Valley Civilization, the script was:
  •  Boustrophedon 
8. Which of the following is the latest site found?
  • Dholavira 
9. Harappa is located on the bank of river:

10. The local name of Mohenjodaro is:
  • Mound of Dead 
11. Which of the following animals was unknown in
Indus Valley Civilization?
  • Horse
12. Which one of the following Indus Valley
Civilization sites gives evidence of a dockyard?
  • Lothal 
13. Which one of the following Indus Valley
Civilization sites gives evidence of a stadium?
  • Dholavira
14. The people of Indus Valley Civilization usually
built their houses of:
  • Pucca bricks 
15. A seal depicting Mother Goddess with plant
growing from the womb, has been found from:
  • Harappan 
16. Indus Valley Civilization was discovered by:
  •  Daya ram Sahni 
17. A lot of beads were discovered from:
  • Mohenjodaro
18. Mostly, beads were made of:
  •  Steatite
19. Which of the following cannot be considered
Proto-Harappan culture?
  • Jornie culture
20. Which of the following showed the greatest
uniformity in Indus Civilization settlement?
  • Town planning

21. The site of Mohenjodaro is located on the bank of
river:
  • Indus
22. The site of Mohenjodaro was discovered by:
  • R.D. Banerji
23. The largest of sites found in post-independence
India in:
  • Gujarat

24. The best drainage system (water management) in
Indus Valley Civilization was:
  • Lothal

25. The famous dancing girl found in the Mohenjodaro
was made up of:
  • Bronze 
26. The unique structure in Mohenjodaro was:
  • Bathing pool 
27. In which of the following Indus Valley sites the
famous Bull-seal was found?
  • Harappa 
28. Which of the following Indus Valley Civilization
site was located on the Iranian border?
  • Sutkagen Dor
29. In which of the following Indus Valley sites, the
cemetry R-37 was found?
  •  Harappa 
30. Which of the following is the most common motif
of the Indus seals?
  •  Unicorn
31. The dockyard at Lothal was well connected with
  • Bhogavo

32. The Indus Valley Civilization people traded with
the:
  •  Mesopotamians
33. Which of the following was unknown in Indus
Valley Civilization?
  • Pulses
34. Which type of seals was the most popular in
Harappan culture?
  • Quadrate
35. Remains of horse bares have been found from:
  • Surkotada 
36. In which of the following Indus Valley Civilization
sites, the cotton piece was found ?
  • Mohenjodaro 
37. Which of the following was unknown in Indus
Valley Civilization?
  • Construction of pillars
38. Which of the following Indus Valley Civilization
sites provides the evidence of fire-altars?
  •  Kalibangan (black bangles)
39. The earliest evidence of agriculture in Indian
subcontinent has been obtained from:
Chirand (Chirand is a archaeological site in the Saran district of Bihar)

40. Which of the following was not worshiped by
Indus Valley people?
 Vishnu

41. The excavation at Chanhudaro was directed by
  •  J.H. Mackay
42. A granary outside to citadel was found at:
  •  Mohenjodaro
43. Which of the following sites of Harappan culture
gives evidence of ‘Sindoor’?
44. Indus Valley Civilization site Manda is situated
near the bank of:
  • Chenab (The Chenab River)
45. The archaeological findings from Alamgirpur in
Meerut district reflect the:
  • Harappa period 
46. In which of the following sites has a pre-Harappan
settlement not been found?
  • Harappa 
47. The Director General of Archaeological Survey
of India at the time of the excavation of Harappan
site was:
  • John Marshall

48. The most suitable name of Indus Valley Civilization
is:
  •  Harappan Civilization
49. A clay model of plough has been found from:
  •  Banawali 
50. In the excavations of Harappan sites, bones of
camels have been found at:
  • Kalibangan 
51. A glaring evidence of the art of dance in Harappan
culture comes from:
  •  Mohenjodaro 
52. Which among the following was the most extensive
Harappan city?
  •  Rakhi Garhi (Rakhi Shahpur + Rakhi Khas), is a village in Hisar District in the state of Haryana in India
53. From which of the Harappan sites has the evidence
of bead making been found?
  •  Chanhudaro
54. Name the site which has revealed the earliest
evidence of settled life?
  • Mehrgarh
55. The most common form of Harappan seal is:
  • Square 
56. Which of the following ethnic races was not found
from skeleton of Harappan sites?
  • Negrito (The word "Negrito" is the Spanish diminutive of negro, used to mean "little black person".)
57. Bronze statue of dancing girl has been excavated
at:
  • Mohenjodaro 
58. Which one among the following sites is located in
the valley of Ghaggar and its associated rivers?
  • Lothal

59. Which of the Harappan sites has yielded evidence
of two cemeteries?
  • Harappa

60. In which of the following sites was found the
evidence of ‘Swastik’?
  • Mohenjodaro
61. Which of the following Harappan sites was found
the earliest evidence of surgery?
  •  Kalibangan 

62. Which of the following Harappan sites shows the
earliest evidence of Earthquake
  • Kalibangan 
63. Three-paired cemetery was found in:
  • Lothal.
64. Which amongst the following is not a site of Indus
Valley Civilization?
  • Hastinapur 
65. On which object, do we mainly find the inscriptions
of Harappan civilization?
  •  On seals
66. Which site of Harappan civilization has yielded a
beautiful bronze image of a chariot?
  • Daimabad (inside Pravara River)
67. Which amongst the following civilizations was not
contemporary with the Harappan civilization?
  • Chinese civilization
68. In which Indus Valley Civilization sites, was
drainage system absent?
  •  Banawali 
69. In which Indus Valley Civilization sites, the people
were known to water reservoir technique?
  • Dholavira 
70. Which of the following Indus Valley Civilization
sites gives evidence of a Lipstick?
  • Chanhudaro

71. The site of Alamgirpur ( along Yamuna River) is located on the bank of
river:
  • Hindon

72. Which one of the following sites has yielded
the cultural remains from Neolithic to Harappan
period?
  • Mehargarh

73. In the Indus Valley Civilization period, Lapis-
Lazuli was imported from:
  • Badakhshah 
74. The Indus Valley Civilization was:
  • Mother base
75. Which of the following was one of the causes of
Harappan decline?
  • Ecological change
  •  Earthquakes
  • Aryan attack

76. A ploughed field was discovered at:
  • Kalibangan

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